Tigers are one of the world’s favourite animals, famous for their power, beauty and legendary strength.
There are six subspecies of tigers – Bengal, Siberian, Indochinese, South China, Sumatran and Malayan. The Bengal tiger is found in India and Bangladesh and is the most common species of tiger in the world with a population around 3200 to 4000.
The Siberian tiger is another popular subspecies that lives in East Asia. It is critically endangered with a population of only about 350 to 400 individuals left in the wild.
Tigers are the largest of all the big cats – they can weigh up to 600 pounds and be 10 feet long. Tigers are called Tigers because of their stripes, which they use as camouflage in the wild. They live in Asia and parts of Siberia.
Tigers have a couple different adaptations to help them survive in their environment. For example, they have short hair so that it does not get matted with mud from swamps or marshes where they spend a lot of time hunting prey. This is also why tigers like to spend most of their time on higher ground looking for prey from there – so that they don’t get stuck in the mud while hunting!
Fun Tiger Facts
1 Tiger cubs reach sexual maturity by the age of four and can live up to 26 years in captivity.
2 When they hang their tails loosely, they essentially indicate that they are calm and relaxed. However, rapidly moving them from side to side indicates that they are aggressive.
3 They can remain standing after death due to the sheer strength of their legs.
4 Interestingly, their weight (up to 363 kg) isn’t an issue for them — they can jump five meters high from a standing start. That’s the same as one and a half times the height of a basketball hoop. Yikes!
5 They are excellent swimmers. They love cooling off in rivers and are great hunters in water, too.
6 They hunt alone, not in a group. They tactically use their body and bite strengths to knock the prey down, break its spinal cord and tear it into pieces.
7 Their more than 100 stripes are also visible on their skin.
8 Researchers report that tigers have lost 93% of their natural habitat due to climate change and poaching.
9 97% of wild tigers have been wiped out in the last 100 years. Some subspecies, such as the Caspian, Bali and Javan tigers, have become extinct.
10 White tigers, formed due to a rare gene, only occur once every 10,000 tiger births.
11 Tigers are the largest cat and one of the most feared predators in the wild. Relying heavily on its teeth, this incredible animal is capable of bringing down animals twice its size.
12 Bengal tigers can eat up to 21 kg of meat in a single night and kill the equivalent of 30 buffaloes annually. This subspecies also has a startling roar, which can be heard as far as three km at night.
Video:12 Incredible Facts About Tigers
Tigers are icons of beauty, power, and the importance of conservation. Learn five surprising facts about these striped felines, including how large the cats can be, an adaptation some developed for swimming, and how much wild tiger populations have declined.
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